Powered Industrial Truck

OSHA requires that operators of powered industrial trucks be trained in the operation of such vehicles before they are allowed to operate them independently.

Confined Spaces

By definition, a confined space is large enough for an employee to enter fully and perform assigned work; is not designed for continuous occupancy by the employee; and has a limited or restricted means of entry or exit.

OSHA Requirements

OSHA requires that operators of powered industrial trucks be trained in the operation of such vehicles before they are allowed to operate them independently. The training must consist of instruction (both classroom type and practical training) in proper vehicle operation, the hazards of operating the vehicle in the workplace, and the requirements of the OSHA standard for powered industrial trucks. Operators who have completed training must then be evaluated while they operate the vehicle in the workplace. Operators must also be periodically evaluated (at least once every three years) to ensure that their skills remain at a high level and must receive refresher training whenever there is a demonstrated need.

Training, Evaluation and Certification by a Third Party

The person or persons who conduct training, refresher training, evaluations, and certification of operators under 1910.178(l) need not be employed by the employer of those operators. Such third-party training, including appropriate on-the-job training, may be provided by an employers’ association, a labor union, joint labor-management training organization, or any other organization meeting the requirements of the standard.

When would refresher training be required?

Refresher training is required when information available to the employer shows that the employee lacks the skills or knowledge to operate the truck safely. If the employee has been observed operating the vehicle in an unsafe manner, has been involved in an accident or near miss, or has received an evaluation that reveals the employee is not operating the truck safely, refresher training is required. In addition, refresher training is required when the employee is assigned to drive a different type of truck or a condition in the workplace changes that could affect the safe operation of the truck. An evaluation of the effectiveness of the refresher training is required.

Penalties for Non-Compliance

OSHA penalties increased at the beginning of this year to $13,260 per violation for serious, other-than-serious and posting requirement violations; $13,260 per day for failure to abate violations; and $132,598 per violation for willful or repeated violations.